Jigawa State is situated in the North-eastern part of the country. Its topography is generally characterized by undulating land, with sand dunes of various sizes spanning several kilometres in parts of the State. The southern part of Jigawa comprises basement complex while the Northeast is made up of sedimentary rocks of the Chad formation. The socio-cultural situation in Jigawa could be described as homogenous: it is mostly populated
by the Fulanis, they are found in all parts of the State. Kanuris are largely found in Hadejia Emirate, with some traces of Badawas mainly in the Northeastern part.
The people of the State are mainly farmers. Food crops produced include Maize, Millet and Guinea Corn, cash crops like Cotton and Groundnut are also produced. Livestock is also an important aspect of the economy of the State.Large numbers of cattles are reared in the State.
Jigawa is blessed with minerals resources namely Kaolin, Amethyst, Marl Stones, Potash, Solice, Iron Ore, Copper, Gold, White Quartz, Refractory Clay and Antimony.
BIRNIN KUDU ROCK PAINTING
Birnin Kudu is noted for the presence of rocks, fascinating are the ancient paintings on these rocks. The different paintings are eloquent information on the styles of the early settlers in the area.
HADEJIA/NGURU WETLANDS & BIRDS SANCTUARY
The Hadejia/Nguru are on list of Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance. They are also economically important as an inland fisheries, and stronglysupport te economy of Northern Nigeria. They are surrounded by Savannah. Nguru lake is part of the wetland. Once in a boat, you find yourself in an amazing place, with quiet waters, waterlilies, and lots of birds. In fact, the area is a major bird sanctuary where migrating birds circumvent during the European winter. The Hadejia-Nguru wetlands (HNW) lie on the southern edge of the Sahel savanna in north-eastern Nigeria.
The area is a flood-plain complex, comprised of a mixture of seasonally flooded lands and dry uplands. Prior to the droughts of the 1970s, the wetlands covered an area of about 4,125 km, but are now reduced to c.3,500 kmĀ². The wetland is supplied by the Hadejia and Jama'are rivers. The Jama'are rises in the Jos Plateau, the Hadejia in the hills around Kano; they join within the HNW to form the Yobe river, which discharges into Lake Chad. River flow is highly seasonal and varies considerably depending upon rainfall and run-off. Peak flow occurs in August and September when banks overflow and the area is inundated. Three broad vegetation-types are identifiable. One of these is scrub savanna, which includes the upland farmland areas and Acacia woodlands.
The second grows on the 'tudu' lands, sandy ridges which, with the exception of scattered, ephemeral ponds, are never inundated. Characteristic tree species here include Acacia spp. (especially A. albida), Ziziphus spp., Balanites aegyptiaca, Tamarindus indica andAdansonia digitata, while common grasses are Cenchrus biflorus, Andropogon spp. and Vetiveria nigritana. There are also pockets of riparian forests, known as 'kurmi'. Common trees of the kurmi forests, at about the northern limit of their distributions, are Khaya senegalensis, Mitragyna inermis andDiospyros mespiliformis. In some parts, kurmi has been replaced with orchards of mango Mangifera indica and guava Psidium guajava. The third main vegetation-type includes the seasonally flooded marshes and 'fadama', in which the tree Acacia nilotica is common while Dum palms Hyphaene thebaicagrow on small raised islands. Aquatic grasses such as Echinochloa and Oryza spp. are common in the marshes, while in drier parts Dactyloctenium aegyptium, Setaria spp. and Cyperus spp. occur. There are also extensive beds of Typha australis while Mimosa pigra thickets are common on edges of the lakes. Large parts of the fadama are under rice cultivation during the rainy season and, during the dry season, are usually utilized for growing other crops as water-levels drop. Uncultivated areas are grazed by livestock. Annual rainfall ranges between 200-600 mm, confined to the period late May-September.
Other places of interest
RINGIM DYEING PITS
GAWA ECO-TOURISM WILDLIFE PARK
BATURIYA BIRD SANCTUARY
About Northern Nigeria
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To be posted
HOTELS IN JIGAWA STATE
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