Northern Nigeria is predominantly occupied by Hausa, Fulani, Gwari, Borim, Kanuri, Tiv, Jukun and many other tribal groups. people are located mostly in northern part of Nigeria. With a population of over 30 million, they have the largest population in West Africa because of their intermarriages and constant interaction with different people.
The Hausas are Sahelian people mainly located in the West African regions of northern Nigeria, southeastern Niger, Sudan, Cameroon, Ghana, Cote d'Ivoire, and Chad and smaller communities scattered throughout West Africa and on the traditional Hajj route across the Sahara Desert.
With the decline of the Nok and Sokoto, who had previously controlled Central and Northern Nigeria between 800 BCE and 200 CE, the Hausa were able to emerge as the new power in the region. Closely linked with the Kanuri people of Kanem-Bornu (Lake Chad), the Hausa aristocracy adopted Islam in the 11th century CE.
ABOUT NORTHERN NIGERIA
Northern Nigeria predominantly consists of Hausa and Fulani tribes. It was a British colony formed in 1900.
The basis of the colony was the 1885 Treaty of Berlin which broadly granted Northern Nigeria to Britain, on the basis of their protectorates in Southern Nigeria.
Britain's chosen Governor (Frederick Lugard), with limited resources slowly negotiated with and sometimes coerced the emirates of the north into accepting British rule; finding that the only way this could be achieved was with the consent of local rulers through a policy of indirect rule which he developed from a necessary improvisation into a sophisticated political theory.
Lugard left the protectorate after some years, serving in Hong Kong but was eventually returned to work in Nigeria where he decided on the merger of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate with Southern Nigeria in 1914.
Modern Northern Nigeria is made up of the following 19 Nigerian states
About Northern Nigeria
People and Culture
Food and Drinks
Where To Go
What To Do
Where To Stay
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Northern Nigeria has a wide range of hotel accommodations from one city to another. Many of the hotels offer a serene and beautiful environment for both relaxation and serious business.
Amazing Tourist Destinations
Northern Nigeria offers varieties of tourist destinations and activities ranging from attractions, nature experience, wildlife exploration, mountain climbing etc. Among other places of interest are museums, National Parks, Palaces etc.
Explore the amazing works of nature
Varieties of activities await you in every corner of the Northern Nigeria. You can enjoy the amazing waterfall at Gurara or decide to have a first-hand experience of wonders of nature in Mambilla Plateau.
PEOPLE AND CULTURE
The Hausa and Fulani cultural similarities however allowed for significant integration between the two groups, who in modern times are often demarcated as "Hausa-Fulani", rather than as individual groups and many Fulanis in the region do not distinguish themselves from the Hausas.
The Hausas have been Muslim since the 14th century, and have converted many other Nigerian tribes to the Muslim faith by contact, trade etc. The architecture of the Hausa is perhaps one of the least known but most beautiful of the medieval age.
Many of their early mosques and palaces are bright and colourful and often include intricate engraving or elaborate symbols designed into the facade. By 1500 CE the Hausa utilized a modified Arabic script known as Ajami to record their own language; the Hausa compiled several written histories, the most popular being the Kano Chronicle.
Music and art play are important in everyday life. From a young age, Hausa children participate in dances, which are held in meeting places such as the market. Work songs often accompany activities in the rural areas and in the markets. Story-telling, local dramas, and musical performances are also common forms of traditional entertainment.
WEATHER AND CLIMATE
The climatic conditions in the northern part of Nigeria exhibit only two different seasons, namely, a short wet season and a prolonged dry season. Temperatures during the day remain constantly high while humidity is relatively low throughout the year, with little or no cloud cover.
There are, however, wide diurnal ranges in temperature (between nights and days) particularly in the very hot months. The mean monthly temperatures during the day exceed 36°C while the mean monthly temperatures at night fall, most times to below 22°C.
Thus much of Nigeria and the region to the west experiences two rainy periods as the intertropical convergence moves north or south; but in the north the two rainy seasons merge to give a single wet season between July and September.
The few high plateaus of Jos and Biu, and the Adamawa highlands, experience climatic conditions which are markedly different from the generalised dry and wet period in northern Nigeria. Temperatures are 5 - 10°C lower due to high altitude than in the surrounding areas. Similarly, the annual rainfall figures are higher than in areas around them, particularly on the windward side.
MAJOR TOWNS & CITIES
Most of the cities and towns in northern Nigeria are predominantly occupied by the Hausa-Fulani people dated back to the stone age. Amongst these main cities are: Kano City - known as the Groundnuts Pyramids and Indigo city, Others are Biram, Zaria, Katsina , Abuja, Bauchi, Birnin Kebbi, Damaturu, Dutse, Gombe, Gusau, Jalingo, Jebba, Jos, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Lafia, Maiduguri, Makurdi, Sokoto, Suleja, Yola and Zaria.